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A basic course in the Malaysian and Indonesian languages in 64 lessons  ©pgoh13.com
These lessons are copyrighted and their publication in any form is strictly prohibited.

  Lesson 25 Mengapa? (Why?)  


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A second reading (by Muhammad Nor Ismat, a native speaker)
Mengapa tidak datang?
Kerana sakit.
Mengapa datang lambat?
Kerana hujan.
Mengapa sedih?
Kerana sudah hilang pasport saya.
Why didn't you come?
Because I was sick.
Why did you come late?
Because it rained.
Why are you sad?
Because I have lost my passport.
Vocabulary
sakit = sick
lambat = late
hujan = rain
sedih = sad
hilang = to lose



You will notice that although "you" and "I" have to be specified in English in the above examples they are more commonly left out in Malay.
Putting the above question-and-answer form in a sentence would produce the following:
Saya tidak datang kerana sakit.
Saya datang lambat kerana hujan.
Saya sedih kerana sudah hilang pasport saya.

Another word that is used as much as kerana is sebab.
Thus to the question Mengapa datang lambat? the answer could just as well be Sebab hujan.
Okay, if mengapa means "why", what does tidak mengapa mean? It is just an expression that means "It doesn't matter", "It's all right" or "Forget about it". It's the same as tidak apa.


ENGLISH INDONESIAN MALAY
passport paspor pasport
because karena kerana

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